[File] [PATCH] of Magdir/map for MapInfo Interchange Format *.mif

Jörg Jenderek joerg.jen.der.ek at gmx.net
Tue Nov 26 13:27:33 UTC 2019

Hash: SHA1


some days ago i had to handle some ImageMagick bitmaps which have
sometimes filename extension mif. When searching on my systems for
non ImageMagick bitmaps with same file name extension i found a few
Geographic maps with MapInfo Interchange Format. When running file
command version 5.37 on such samples and similar test examples such
maps are described generic as text.

Some information about MapInfo Interchange Format (MIF) can be found
on Wikipedia site. So i add this URL by comment line like:
 # URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MapInfo_Interchange_Format

On that site a link to interchange_file.pdf about MapInfo Data
Interchange Format is listed. Instead i use site on the National
Archives of UK as reference. This is expressed by comment line:
 # Reference: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pronom/x-fmt/231

According to PDF such mif files should start with string VERSION.
There nothing is said about case.

For comparison reason i run other utilities.
The droid tool { found at http://droid.sourceforge.net/ } recognize
these files by PUID x-fmt/231 as "ESRI MapInfo Export File".
The file identifier tool TrID  (see
http://mark0.net/soft-trid-e.html) describes the examples as "MapInfo
Interchange Format" by definition mif-mapinfo.trid.xml.

According to these other tools also other cases are possible like
Version in example E_VIC18.MIF. According to trid first letter must
be upcased V, whereas DROID also accepts all low cased variant like
test-lowcase.mif.~. DROID also does not care about letter at offset
5. So it also accepts string like versi0n. So i look for such mif
files by first magic line
 0	string/c	Version

To skip ASCII files like version.txt with text "VERSION 650 can be
found in MapInfo Interchange Format" i add second test according to
DROID. So look after version for string Charset with different cases
and display identifying message by line
 >12	search/4/c	charset		MapInfo export File

The mif files are files with map information exported/imported by
many applications because it contains just plain text. Because every
one can generate maps with help of text editor i choose a user
defined mime type expressed by line
 !:mime	text/x-mapinfo-mif
File name extension is shown by line
 !:ext	mif

Afterward show version number n, which is stored as string.
Sometimes the string consist of 3 letters like 650, but sometimes 3
space characters are before such version like in example
E_VIC18.MIF. So show this version without spaces by line
 >>8	string/T	x	\b, version %.5s

The Charset clause specifies which character set was used to create
text in the table. For example: Specify “WindowsLatin1” to indicate
that the file was created using the Windows US & Western Europe
character set; specify “MacRoman” to specify the Macintosh US &
Western Europe character set; or specify “Neutral” to avoid
converting the text into another character set. So show this
information by line
 >>&0	string/T	x	\b, charset %s

After applying the above mentioned modifications by patch
file-5.37-map-mif.diff then i get an output like:

version.txt:                    ASCII text, with CRLF line
versionLONG.mif.~:              ASCII text, with CRLF line
versi0n.mif:                    ASCII text, with CRLF line
test-lowcase.mif.~:             ASCII text, with CRLF line
x-fmt-231-signature-id-393.mif: ISO-8859 text, with no line
x-fmt-231-signature-id-392.mif: ISO-8859 text, with no line
x-fmt-231-signature-id-391.mif: ISO-8859 text, with no line
x-fmt-231-signature-id-390.mif: ISO-8859 text, with no line
E_VIC18.MIF:                    MapInfo export File,
	version 780, 	charset "WindowsLatin1"
E_ACT_18.MIF:                   MapInfo export File,
	version 600, charset "WindowsLatin1"
SOSR_2011_AUST.mif:             MapInfo export File,
	version 650, charset "Neutral"

I hope my diff file can be applied in a future version of
file utility.

With best wishes
Jörg Jenderek
- --
Jörg Jenderek

Comment: Using GnuPG with Thunderbird - https://www.enigmail.net/

-------------- next part --------------
--- file-5.37/magic/Magdir/map.old	2019-04-30 04:02:04 +0000
+++ file-5.37/magic/Magdir/map	2019-11-26 13:04:57 +0000
@@ -329,3 +329,23 @@
 >>>>5	byte	x		\b%d,
 >>>>6	leshort	x		product ID %04d)
+# URL:		https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MapInfo_Interchange_Format
+# Reference:	http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pronom/x-fmt/231
+# From:		Joerg Jenderek
+# Note:		MIF files are sometimes accompanied by MapInfo data (.MID) file
+# start with string like Version with different cases and o is maybe other char
+0	string/c	Version
+# followed by space~20h
+#>7	ubyte		0x20	\b, space after version
+# look after version for string Charset with different cases to skip ASCII text
+>12	search/4/c	charset	MapInfo export File
+# by DROID called ESRI MapInfo Export File
+# by TrID  called MapInfo Interchange Format
+#!:mime	text/plain
+!:mime	text/x-mapinfo-mif
+!:ext	mif
+# version string like: "400" "  600" "650" "  780"
+>>8	string/T	x	\b, version %.5s
+# value of charset like: "WindowsLatin1" "Neutral" "MacRoman"
+>>&0	string/T	x	\b, charset %s
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